Pakistan covers an area of 796,095 km2 (307,374 sq mi), approximately equaling the combined land areas of France and the United Kingdom. It is the 36th largest nation by total area although this ranking varies depending on how the disputed territory of Kashmir is counted. Apart from the 1,046 km (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea, Pakistan’s land borders a total of 6,774 km (4,209 mi)—2,430 km (1,510 mi) with Afghanistan, 523 km (325 mi) with China, 2,912 km (1,809 mi) with India and 909 km (565 mi) with Iran. The territory it controls mostly lies between latitudes 23° and 37° N (a small area is north of 37°), and longitudes 61° and 78° E (a small area is west of 61°). The geography of Pakistan is a blend of landscapes varying from plains to deserts, forests, hills, and plateaus ranging from the coastal areas of the Arabian Sea in the south to the mountains of the Karakoram range in the north. Here is the list of Top Pakistani Cities according to popularity
Karachi is the largest city and former capital of Pakistan on the Arabian Sea near the Indus River delta. Thecapital of Sindh province, it is Pakistan’s chief seaport and industrial center. Karachi is not just a city. It is a unique city in many ways. From a medium-size city of less than 500,000 population in 1947 it grew to well over five million in 1981 and, according to most conservative estimates, has now exceeded 10 million mark. The area of Karcahi divison is about 3,366 sq. km with more than 18 towns and 6 cantonment boards. Karachi is located on semi-arid zone but due to marine affects, it enjoys a moderate climate. May and June are hottest months of the year with temperature as high as 43.3 degree centigrade while January is the coldest month with temperature as low as 5 degree centigrade. The mean annual rainfall is about 7 inches.
Combining a rich history, the confluence of many a civilisation and temperate climate, Islamabad – the capital city of Pakistan, is one of the most beautiful cities in the South Asian region. Wide, tree-lined streets adorn the various sectors and zones of the city, making it accessible and spectacular. Administratively, the city is located within the Islamabad Capital Territory, which is federally controlled, even though historically Islamabad has been a part of the Punjab province; more specifically the Potohar Plateau. A meticulously planned city by renowned town planners Doxiadis Associates, Islamabad is the fastest growing city in terms of population, economy and urban development. As this trend continues, the city is shedding its reputation as a city without character, and is fast becoming truly metropolitan. The population of the city is around 9,50,000 people with an area of about 910 square kilometers. The city lies at latitudes 33° 49′ north and longitudes 72° 24′ east with altitudes ranging from 457 to 610 meters.
The city of Lahore is the capital of the Punjab. It occupies a central position, and is generally called ‘The Heart of Pakistan’. Lahore is situated on the banks of the Ravi . Lahore is a city of gardens, and has the reputation of being the ‘Green City’. It occupies a choice site in the midst of fertile alluvial plains. Lahore is the city of poets, artists and the center of film industry. The population of the city is around 9,50,000 people with an area of about 910 square kilometers. The city lies at latitudes 33° 49′ north and longitudes 72° 24′ east with altitudes ranging from 457 to 610 meters. It offers a healthy climate, pollution free atmosphere, plenty of water and lush green area. It is a modern and carefully planned city with wide tree-lined streets, large houses elegant public buildings and well-organised bazars/markets/shopping centres. The average humidity level is 55% with an average rainfall of 1150 millimeters each year. The city is quite moderate in case of its wether. The maximum average temperature is 29C and goes down to average minimum of around 14C.
Quetta, derived from kwatta meaning fort in Pushtu, the fruit garden of Pakistan and the capital of Baluchistan is the legendary stronghold of the western frontier. It sits at 1,680 metres (5,500 feet) above sea level. Quetta is one of the most important military stations of the country, occupying a vital and strategic position on account of the fact that the boundaries of Iran and Afghanistan meet here, and the Bolan Pass lies on important lines of communications. It has a population of around 676,941 people with an area of about 2,653 sq. kms. The district lies at 30.21°North latitude and 67.02° East longitude.
Multan is famous for traditional and religious fairs and festivals. There were lot of Islamic Saints whose shrines are the assets of Muslims. Multan is well-known as ‘City of Saints and Shrines’. Multan Division lies between north latitude 29′-22′ and 30′-45 and east longitude 71′-4′ and 72′-4’55. It is located in a bend created by five confluent rivers. The Sutlej separates it from Bahawalpur District and the Chenab from Muzaffar Garh district. District Multan is spread over an area of 3,721 square Kilometers with a population of approximately 31,17,000 people. Major towns are Makhdoom Rashid, Qadirpur Ran and Basti Maluk.
Gujranwala is a major agricultural and industrial city of Punjab, Pakistan. The rural areas around Gujranwala produce a large variety of agricultural goods; the main crops are wheat, potatoes, barley and pearl millet. The Gujranwala Chamber of Commerce and Industry (GCCI) shares a building with the zonal and circle offices of Habib Bank Limited, United Bank Limited, Allied Bank Limited and State Bank of Pakistan.Gujranwala’s industrial areas have numerous textile mills, cutlery manufacturing and large agricultural processing plants. The major exports include rice, sugar, textiles, carpets, glass goods, medical equipment, leather products, metal utensils, agricultural equipment, and automotive machinery parts as well as producing machinery for military uses. The main source of energy is a hydro-electric project on the Chenab River.
The district lies from 30 – 35 to 31 – 47′C North latitude and 72 – 01 to 73 – 40°C East longitude. It is bounded in the North by Gujranwala and Sheikhupura Districts, in the East by Sheikhupura and Sahiwal districts, in the south by Sahiwal and Toba Tek Singh districts and in the West by Jhang district. Faisalabad district has an area of 5,856 sq km and a population of 35,47,446 souls. This district consists of six sub-division. Faisalabad district has been endowed by nature with a rich soil. Aided by an efficient irrigation system, it has earned a name for agricultural productivity. Out of total area of 14,43,703 acres of this district, 11,50,042 acres of land is irrigated through canals
Hyderabad is a city, district and division in the Sindh province. Hyderabad is one of the oldest cities of the sub-continent. The city is an administrative headquarters lying on the most northern hill of the Ganjo Takkar ridge just east of the River Indus. Before the creation of Pakistan, it was known as the Paris of India, for its roads used to be washed with perfume every day.Founded in 1768 on the site of the ancient town of Nirun-Kot by Ghulam Shah Kalhora, the saintly ruler of Sindh, it was named after the prophet Mohammed’s son-in-law, Ali, also known as Haidar. It remained the capital of Sindh under the Talpur rulers who succeeded the Kalhoras till 1843 when, after the nearby battles of Miani and Dabo, it surrendered to the British (when Sir Charles James Napier conquered Sindh), the capital was then transferred to Karachi. Located at 25.367°N lattitude and 68.367°E longitude with an elevation of 13m about sea-level, Hyderabad is located on the east bank of the Indus River and is roughly 150 kilometers away from Karachi, the capital of the province. Hyderabad is the 2nd largest city in Sindh, 8th largest in Pakistan with respect to population. Its population estimates to 1,348,288 (as of 2000). Two of Pakistan’s largest highways, the Indus Highway and the National Highway join at Hyderabad.
Sialkot is a city situated in Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located near Indo-Pak border, about 125 k.m. from Lahore, the capital of Punjab. The city is famous for being the birthplace of Allama Iqbal. This city is centries old. According to tradition, it was constructed by Raja Sul. After his death some 5000 years ago, there is a tradition that the dynasity continued for some 1500 years and then the country was flooded and remained one vast uninhabited region for about 1000 years.The popular belief is that it was re-founded in the reign of Vikramaditya of Ujjain by Raja Sáliváhan or Sálbán, who built the fort and city and gave the place its present name. The district area, 2,067 sq mi [5,354 sq km], stretches from the Ravi valley on the southeast to the Chenab River on the northwest. The population of the main city area is about 500,000 (0.5 Million) (est. 2001). It is the birth place of Pakistan’s National Poet, Allama Mohammad Iqbal. It is located in Kashmiri Mohala. In 1861 Iqbal’s grandfather Shaikh Rafiq buy this house and they shifted there from Mohala Khatikan. Due to its resemble by Iqbal Government of Pakistan buy this historical building and prepare it as museum, Now it has been opened for visitors.